An amazing collection of articles, and papers about tongue tie and upper lip tie.

1.Published papers:

Highlighted papers:

Breastfeeding & Tongue Tie

i) ) Effect of frenotomy on breastfeeding variables in infants with ankyloglossia (tongue-tie): a prospective before and after cohort study. A paper published in 2017 on tongue tie & breastfeeding in BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth

ii) Breastfeeding Improvement Following Tongue-Tie and Lip-Tie Release: A Prospective Cohort Study. A very informative  paper published in 2017 by one of our collaborators (Dr Ghaheri)

iii) Frenulotomy for breastfeeding infants with ankyloglossia: effect on milk removal and sucking mechanism as imaged by ultrasound. A paper published by Geddes et al  in 2008 in Pediatrics 

Advantages of Laser Frenectomy

i) Recent papers comparing laser vs conventional surgery for ties and showing:

         1). Utility & advantages of laser  in children; 2)   advantages of laser in adults


Other recent papers (Please use PubMed to search for these papers):


Carling SJ, Demment MM, Kjolhede CL, Olson CM. Breastfeeding Duration and Weight Gain Trajectory in Infancy. Pediatrics. 2015;135(1):111-9. . PMid:25554813.

Huang J, Peters KE, Vaughn MG, Witko C. Breastfeeding and trajectories of children’s cognitive development. Dev Sci. 2014;17(3):452-61. . PMid:24410811.  

Dennis CL, Jackson K, Watson J. Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;(12):CD007366. PMid:25506813.


Edmunds J, Miles S, Fulbrook P. Tongue-tie and breastfeeding: a review of the literature. Breast Rev. 2011;19(1):19-26. PMid:21608523.


Martinelli RLC, Marchesan IQ, Berretin-Felix G. Lingual frenulum evaluation protocol for infants: relationship between anatomic and functional aspects. Rev CEFAC. 2013;15(3):599-610. .

Martinelli RLC, Marchesan IQ, Gusmão RJ, Honório HM, Berretin-Felix G. The effects of frenotomy on breastfeeding. J Appl Oral Sci. 2015;23(2):153-7. . PMid:26018306.

Berry J, Griffiths M, Westcott C. Double-blind, randomized, controlled trial of tongue-tie division and its immediate effect on breastfeeding. Breastfeed Med. 2012;7(3):189-93. . PMid:21999476.  


Haham A, Marom R, Mangel L, Botzer E, Dollberg S. Prevalence of breastfeeding difficulties in newborns with a lingual frenulum: a prospective cohort series. Breastfeed Med. 2014;9(9):438-41. . PMid:25238577.  


Segal LM, Stephenson R, Dawes M, Feldman P. Prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of ankyloglossia: methodologic review. Can Fam Physician. 2007;53(6):1027-33. PMid:17872781.


Garbin CP, Sakalidis VS, Chadwick LM, Whan E, Hartmann PE, Geddes DT. Evidence of improved milk intake after frenotomy: a case report. Pediatrics. 2013;132(5):e1413-7. . PMid:24101770.  


Ferrés-Amat E, Pastor-Vera T, Rodríguez-Alessi P, Ferrés-Amat E, Mareque-Bueno J, Ferrés-Padró E. Management of ankyloglossia and breastfeeding difficulties in the newborn: breastfeeding sessions, myofunctional therapy, and frenotomy. Case Rep Pediatr. 2016;2016:3010594. . PMid:27688921.  


Edmunds JE, Fulbrook P, Miles S. Understanding the experiences of mothers who are breastfeeding an infant with tongue-tie: a phenomenological study. J Hum Lact. 2013;29(2):190-5. . PMid:23515085


O’Shea JE, Foster JP, O’Donnell CP, Breathnach D, Jacobs SE, Todd DA, et al. Frenotomy for tongue-tie in newborn infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;3:CD011065. PMid:28284020.

Geddes DT, Kent JC, Mitoulas LR, Hartmann PE. Tongue movement and intra-oral vacuum in breastfeeding infants. Early Hum Dev. 2008;84(7):471-7. . PMid:18262736.